Francois Hollande

Francois Hollande

President of France

François HOLLAND was born 12 August 1954 in Rouen. He has four children and cohabiting with journalist Valerie Trierweiler.

First Secretary of the Socialist Party (1997 to 2008), mayor of Tulle (2001 to 2008), he was a member of Corrèze (from 1988 to 1993 and from 1997 to 2012) and Chairman of the General Council of Corrèze ( from 2008 to 2012).

HOLLAND François graduated from HEC Paris and the Institute of Political Studies in Paris. He is an alumnus of the Ecole Nationale d’Administration (ENA), promoting Voltaire in 1980.

He joined the Socialist Party in 1979. Out of the ENA, he became auditor in 1980 to the Court of Auditors. It is also at this time, a lecturer at Sciences Po Paris.

In 1981, following the election of François Mitterrand as President of the Republic, François HOLLAND becomes Head of Mission at the Elysee. In the parliamentary elections of June 1981, François HOLLAND is a candidate in Corrèze.

In 1983, he was appointed Chief of Staff of two successive government spokesman Pierre MAUROY: Max Gallo and Roland Dumas. In 1984, he became auditor at the Court of Auditors.

The legislative elections of 1988, which are due to the re-election of François Mitterrand , he was elected the first constituency of Corrèze.

From 1988 to 1991 he was professor of economics at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris.

In 1993, he lost his parliamentary mandate. He became president of the club “Witness” Jacques Delors he held until 1997.

He became national secretary of the Socialist Party for Economic Affairs in November 1994. And 1995, Lionel Jospin appointed spokesman of the Socialist Party.

In 1997, after the victory of the left coalition, François HOLLAND found his seat of Corrèze and became first secretary of the Socialist Party.

He officially declared candidate for the Socialist primary, in March 2011, and won in October 2011.

In May 2012, François HOLLAND becomes the seventh president of the Fifth Republic.

(Original in French, online translation)


François Hollande was born in Rouen, France in 1954. He attended a series of elite French schools and joined the Socialist Party in 1979. First elected to the Ussel town council, he went on to win a National Assembly seat in 1988. He was made chair of the Socialist Party and announced a bid for the presidency in 2011, and beat incumbent Nicolas Sarkozy to become France’s 24th president in 2012.

Early Life

François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande was born on August 12, 1954, in Rouen, France to a right-wing physician father and a progressive social worker mother. The family moved to Paris when Hollande was 13, and after graduating from the public school system, he attended the Institut de Sciences Politiques and then the École des Hautes Études Commerciales, France’s top business school. He then entered the École Nationale d’Administration.

Early Career

Hollande demonstrated an early interest in politics and volunteered for François Mitterrand‘s second unsuccessful presidential campaign while he was still a student. Five years later, in 1979, he joined the Socialist Party. By then, Mitterrand had been elected on his third try and he appointed Hollande a junior economic advisor. Hollande held this post until he went to work for Max Gallo, the press secretary to former prime minister Pierre Mauroy.

In 1983, Hollande began serving on the Ussel town council and was elected to the National Assembly in 1988. Although he lost his seat in 1993, he reclaimed it in 1997. That same year, Lionel Jospin tapped Hollande to be the Socialist Party chairman.  Hollande was then elected mayor of Tulle in 2001 and held the post until 2008.

Personal Life

While a student at Ecole Nationale d’Administration University, Hollande met and began dating Ségolène Royal. They lived as domestic partners but did not marry, having four children together. Royal had political aspirations of her own and in 2007 ran for president against Hollande’s wishes.

A few weeks after her defeat, the couple announced their separation. Mere days after they made the announcement, Royal published a book accusing Hollande of having an affair with Valerie Trierweiler, a political journalist with Paris Match. Hollande admitted to the affair, and he and Trierweiler have been together since.

Presidential Race

In March of 2011, Hollande announced that he would seek the Socialist Party nomination for president. He faced five other candidates in the primary, including Ségolène Royal and the frontrunner, IMF Managing Director Dominique Strauss-Kahn. When Strauss-Kahn was arrested in New York on sexual assault charges, Hollande took the lead in polls. He won the party’s nomination on October 16, 2011. The following January, Hollande outlined a list of policies that he would seek to enact if elected, including increasing taxes on corporations, reducing the retirement age, establishing a public investment bank to promote French industry, and granting marriage and adoptions rights to same-sex couples.

President Nicolas Sarkozy announced that he would seek re-election in February 2012 and promptly began criticizing Hollande’s proposals, claiming they would be disastrous for the economy. Polls initially showed a close race, but Hollande pulled ahead comfortably in the second ballot. He won France’s presidential election on May 6, 2012 and was sworn in on May 15. He was the first candidate in 31 years to unseat an incumbent president after a single term.