Glossary Terms

J.P. Morgan Chase & Company

J.P. Morgan is the only U.S.-headquartered financial institution with two operating licenses in Saudi Arabia providing access to a comprehensive range of products and global banking capabilities for clients in Saudi Arabia.

Jacobs Engineering

Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. is one of the world’s largest and most diverse providers of professional technical services.

Jadwa Investment

Jadwa Investment is a Saudi Closed Joint Stock Company with headquarters in Riyadh.


Following World War I and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the League of Nations awarded Britain the mandate to govern much of the Middle East. Britain demarcated a semi-autonomous region of Transjordan from Palestine in the early 1920s. The area gained its independence in 1946 and thereafter became The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.