For the Record | Arab League Foreign Ministers Meet to Discuss Saudi-Iran Conflict

Published: January 10, 2016

Editor’s Note:

An emergency meeting of Arab League ministers called to discuss the confrontation between Saudi Arabia and Iran concluded today in Cairo with a statement condemning Tehran for the attacks last week at diplomatic facilities that resulted in a breakdown of Saudi-Iranian relations. This “For the Record” post provides reports on the ministerial council’s communique and related reports released by the Saudi Press Agency and an extensive list of related reports, as compiled in the SUSRIS Special Section “Saudi Arabia v. Iran – 2016″

  • Arab League’s Council issues communique, condemning Iranian attacks on Saudi Embassy in Tehran and Saudi consulate in Mash-had
  • Arab League’s Ministerial Council: Iranian interference violates international law, principle of good neighborliness
  • Foreign Minister: the Kingdom will Deal Firmly with Iranian Interferences
  • Arab Support for Kingdom’s Proceedings for Maintaining Its Security, Sovereignty
  • Egyptian Foreign Minister Warns of Conflict Escalation If State Sovereignty Was Not Respected
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Arab League’s Council issues communique, condemning Iranian attacks on Saudi Embassy in Tehran and Saudi consulate in Mash-had

Cairo, Rabi’I 30, 1437, January 10, 2016, SPA — The Council of the Arab League condemned the attacks on the Saudi Embassy in Tehran and the Saudi consulate in Mash-had.

In its communique issued after the end of the emergency meeting held here today at the level of foreign ministers at the request of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Council of the Arab League held Iran responsible for these attacks, calling on Iran to abide by international conventions and treaties in this regard, mainly the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations 1961 and the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations 1963.

Saudi Arabian Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir.
Saudi Arabian Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir. (SPA)

The council deplored Iran’s hostile and provocative statements against the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia following the execution of a number of terrorists, according to judicial rulings against them. The council considered these Iranian hostile and provocative statements as a blatant interference in the affairs of the Saudi justice and the internal affairs of the Kingdom, such Iranian activities considered incompatible with the UN Charter.

The council stressed standing united by the side of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, supporting the decisions and measures taken by the Kingdom to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, prosecuting the agitators and perpetrators of terrorist acts and bringing them to justice.

The council commended the efficiency, independence and impartiality of the Saudi judiciary, and welcomed categorical rejection shown by Arab, Islamic, friendly countries and the UN Security Council to these attacks.

Map Saudi Iran GreenThe council called on all countries, the international community, the regional and international bodies and organizations to take serious and effective steps to prevent such attacks in the future on all diplomatic missions in Iran.

The council deplored the Iranian government failure to take necessary measures to protect diplomatic missions of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Iran, stressing that the Arab countries will take further appropriate measures to tackle these attacks.

The council condemned the continuing Iranian government interference in the internal affairs of the Arab countries over the past decades, stressing that this approach leads to undermining security and stability in the Gulf region, and considering it as a violation of the international law and the principle of good neighborliness.

The council denounced the Iranian continuing occupation of the three United Arab Emirates (UAE) islands of Tunb Al-Kubra, Tunb Al-Sughra and Abu Musa. It also condemned Iranian stirring sectarian strife, supporting for, training and financing terrorist organizations, as well as the Iranian inciting to undermine security and stability in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).

It referred to what has recently been revealed by the Kingdom of Bahrain of foiling a terrorist plot to carry out terrorist bombings and the arrest of elements of a new terrorist cell that receives support from the Iranian Revolutionary Guard and Hezbollah in Lebanon.

The council condemned the Iranian continuing interference in the Syrian crisis and the serious implications of this interference on the future of Syria and its security, stability, national unity and territorial integrity.

The council also condemned Iran’s interventions in the Yemeni internal affairs through Iranian support for the anti-legitimate forces hostile to the Yemeni government and its negative impact on the security and stability of Yemen, the neighboring countries and the region in general.

The council agreed on setting up an effective mechanism to tackle these Iranian interferences, calling on the international community to take the necessary measures to coerce Iran to respect the principle of good neighborliness in word and deed, stop its destabilizing activities in the region, cease its support for terrorism, desist from interference in the internal affairs of the GCC countries and other countries in the region and refrain from using or threatening to use force against others.

The council stressed that Iran’s interference in the internal affairs of Arab countries fuels sectarianism and doesn’t serve peace and security in the Middle East region and the world at large.

It is as well incompatible with the principles of good neighborliness, non-interference in the internal affairs of others and the respect for their sovereignty. It noted that this Iranian interference leads to aggravate situations and spark more crises in the region.

The statement stated that Lebanon’s delegation to the meeting decided not to join the communique after the Council of Arab Ministers has rejected its request that a phrase mentioning Hezbollah of Lebanon be deleted, explaining that the party is an integral part of Lebanon’s House of Representatives and the Council of Ministers.

–SPA

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The emergency Ministerial Council meeting of the Arab League was held in the organization’s Cairo headquarters on Jan. 10, 2016. (SPA)
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Arab League’s Ministerial Council: Iranian interference violates international law, principle of good neighborliness

Cairo, Rabi’I 30, 1437, January 10, 2016, SPA — The Council of the Arab League condemned the attacks on the Saudi Embassy in Tehran and the Saudi consulate in Mashhad.

In a decision issued here today after the end of the emergency meeting held here at the level of foreign ministers at the request of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Council of the Arab League held Iran responsible for these attacks, calling on Iran to abide by international conventions and treaties in this regard, particularly the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations 1961 and the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations 1963.

The council deplored Iran’s hostile and provocative statements against the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the wake of the execution of a number of terrorists, according to judicial rulings against them. The council considered these Iranian hostile and provocative statements as a blatant interference in the affairs of the Saudi justice and the internal affairs of the Kingdom, such intervention considered incompatible with the UN Charter.

The council affirmed its full solidarity with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in confrontation of Iranian hostilities and provocations, and supported the Saudi efforts to fight terrorism, and the Kingdom’s role in promoting security and stability of the region.

The council condemned the continuing Iranian government interference in the internal affairs of the Arab countries over the past decades, stressing that this approach leads to undermining security and stability in the Gulf region, and considering it as a violation of the international law and the principle of good neighborliness as well.

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Saudi Arabian Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir (C) at the January 10th emergency Arab League Ministerial Council meeting in Cairo. (SPA)

The council called on Iran to refrain from provocative acts and hostile statements that would undermine and threaten the security and stability of the region, denouncing the Iranian continuing occupation of the three United Arab Emirates (UAE) islands ‘Tunb Al-Kubra, Tunb Al-Sughra and Abu Musa,’. It emphasized the full sovereignty of the UAE over the three islands and announced its support for all peaceful measures taken by the UAE to restore its sovereignty over the occupied islands according to international law.

The council also condemned Iran’s continuing interference in the internal affairs of the Kingdom of Bahrain and the Iranian support for groups which pose serious threats to Bahraini security and stability, denouncing Iranian interference in the Syrian crisis and the serious implications of this interference on the future of Syria and its security, stability, national unity and territorial integrity.

The council condemned Iran’s interventions in the Yemeni internal affairs through Iranian support for the anti-legitimate forces hostile to the Yemeni government and its negative impact on the security and stability of Yemen, the neighboring countries and the region in general.

The council urged the Iranian government to desist policies that lead to sectarian and religious conflicts and to refrain from supporting groups that fuel these conflicts in the Arab Gulf countries, calling on Iran to stop supporting militias and armed parties within the Arab countries as such activities are considered a threat to Arab national security.

The council’s resolution stressed that relations of cooperation between the Arab countries and Iran should be based on the principle of good neighborhood, ensuring stability and security of the neighboring countries and refraining from interfering in their internal affairs.

The council instructed the Arab League Secretary General to communicate with the foreign ministers of the UAE, Bahrain, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Egypt to follow up the developments of the crisis with Iran, explore ways to deal with the Iranian interference in the internal affairs of the Arab countries and report the findings to the next session of the Arab League Ministerial Council.

The council called on the Arab League Secretary General to convey this decision to the UN Secretary General and to the President of the UN Security Council as well. It also called on Egypt, in its capacity as the Arab member of the UN Security Council, to follow up this issue.

The council explained that Lebanon abstained from voting on this resolution.

–SPA

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Foreign Minister: the Kingdom will Deal Firmly with Iranian Interferences

Cairo, Rabi’I 30, 1437, Jan 10, 2016, SPA — Adel bin Ahmed Al-Jubeir, Minister of Foreign Affairs, has thanked the Arab League Council for its rapid response to invitation of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to hold extraordinary meeting of the foreign ministers which came in the wake of blatant attacks on the Saudi diplomatic mission in Iran under the eyes of the Iranian government without any effort to stop these attacks or respond to the continuous calls of the Kingdom’s mission.

In his speech today before the opening session of the extraordinary meeting of the Arab League Council at the level of foreign ministers, Al-Jubeir said: ‘it is no secret to the council that these attacks came after aggressive statements against the Kingdom,’ adding that these attacks are a clear violation of all international treaties and conventions.

The minister of foreign affairs explained that these attacks clearly reflect a behavior of the Iranian politics in the Arab region to tamper the Arab capabilities, interfere in its affairs, incite sectarian sedition, destabilize security and stability.

‘The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia deals firmly and seriously with these interferences. It is also the responsibility of the Arab League in light of its objectives to protect the Arab nation and maintain the Arab national security, peoples and capabilities,’ Al-Jubeir added.

Al-Jubeir stressed that the Arab League Council is to assume its responsibility and deal with these interferences in accordance with the Charter of the Arab League.

–SPA

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Arab Support for Kingdom’s Proceedings for Maintaining Its Security, Sovereignty

Cairo, Rabi’I 30, 1437, Jan 10, 2016, SPA — UAE Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed firmly denounced today attacks on the Saudi diplomatic mission in Iran, stressing categorical rejection of Iranian interferences in the Arab internal affairs.

This came in his speech before the opening session of the extraordinary meeting of the Arab League Council at the level of the foreign ministers.

Sheikh Abdullah stressed firm stand by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in all deterrent measures in combating terrorism and extremism.

He added that this meeting came in light of dangerous escalation carried out by Iran representing in brutal attacks on the Saudi diplomatic mission in Iran under eyes of the Iranian security authorities and government despite of the Kingdom’s calls in accordance with the international law and diplomatic norms.

The UAE foreign minister stressed that all measures taken by the Kingdom confirm its clear and constant stance in combating terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.

‘Regarding implementation of the legitimate rulings towards convicts, this is a sovereign right for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia within its judiciary system. No state or individual has a right to interfere in the Kingdom’s internal affairs,’ Sheikh Abdullah said.

‘Despite enormous challenges and risks facing the Arab region, particularly terrorism, extremism and chaos, we are facing other threats. This threat is Iran,’ he added.

The UAE foreign minister called upon all Arab countries to take a clear stance stopping Iran from continuing to interfere in the affairs of the region.

For his part, Secretary General of the Arab League Dr. Nabil Al-Arabi called to take Arab collective stance aiming to halt Iranian interferences in the Arab internal affairs.

In his speech, Al-Arabi stressed Arab full support for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s proceedings in order to maintain security and sovereignty.

He confirmed that this meeting reflected the Arab solidarity with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and condemnation of attacks on the Saudi embassy in Tehran and consulate in Mashhad.

–SPA

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Egyptian Foreign Minister Warns of Conflict Escalation If State Sovereignty Was Not Respected

Cairo, Rabi’I 30, 1437, Jan 10, 2016, SPA — Egypt’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Sameh Shoukry stressed his country’s stance in support of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to face the Iranian interference in its internal affairs, urging Arab League Secretary General Dr. Nabil Elaraby to express Arab stance towards Iran before the United Nations.

In his speech before the closed session of the emergency meeting of the Arab League Council at the level of Arab foreign ministers today, Shoukry confirmed Egypt’s rejection of the threats to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia voiced by Iranian officials following the judicial rulings issued against Saudi nationals.

He warned of conflict escalation if state sovereignty was not respected in accordance with the international law and if good neighborliness was not the basis for the stances of regional powers and policies.

He also reiterated his condemnation of Iran’s interference in Arab affairs.
–SPA
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READ MORE about this topic:

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Saudi v Iran – 2016 – SUSRIS Special Section

This Special Section contains articles, special reports, videos and more on the escalating tensions and confrontation between Saudi Arabia and Iran in January 2016, including Riyadh’s cutting of diplomatic ties with Tehran.

General Developments

ON SUSRIS

GOVERNMENT STATEMENTS

MEDIA REPORTS

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ANALYSIS

BACKGROUND

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Opened: Jan 3, 2016